JSPR Abstracts 2016
Out-of-Body Experiences During Physical Activity: Report of Four New Cases
by Carlos S. Alvarado
The occurrence of out-of-body experiences (OBEs) is generally associated with states in which the person is inactive. This includes states of unconsciousness, relaxation, or sitting or lying down. Although most cases conform to this pattern, a minority take place while the individual is engaged in physical activity such as talking, driving vehicles, walking, and playing musical instruments. In addition to summarizing previously published cases of this sort, four new cases are presented. The cases are discussed in light of previous reports. Such OBEs are similar to automatic behaviours encountered in daily life and in dissociative states. It is suggested that future studies might focus on the features, psychology, and physiology of OBEs that occur under conditions of physical activity.
The Boundary Construct and Anomalous Experiences In Psychics
by Alejandro Parra & Juan Carlos Argibay
Personality differences between those reporting psi experiences and those reporting psi abilities have been insufficiently explored, although a number of studies have noted ‘sensitivity’ and ‘flexibility’ as characterizing psychic claimants. The present study aims to investigate differences between psychic claimants and non-psychics on their experience of hallucinations and abnormal perceptions and the ‘boundary’ construct. Participants were split between psychic and non-psychic groups, with the former having reported psychic abilities such as paranormal/anomalous feelings or impressions of being at unknown places and aura vision. Psychics (n = 87) and non-psychic (n = 112) completed the Cardiff Anomalous Perception Scale, the Revised Transliminality Scale and the Boundary Questionnaire (in addition, a scale to evaluate their psychic abilities). The psychics group scored higher on Anomalous Perception (measured by CAPS) and ‘thin’ boundary than non-psychics, but lower on Transliminality. In addition, Anomalous Experiences was the best predictor for psychic group membership (? = .073; p = .031) and secondly ‘thin’ boundaries. Psychic claimants would be likely candidates with whom to test Hartmann’s ‘continuity hypothesis’ because of their familiarity with their own alterations in consciousness and their functioning toward the thin-boundaried end of the continuum.
Paranormal Belief and Perceived Control Over Life Events
By Chris A. Roe & Clare Bell
The psychodynamic functions hypothesis has been proposed as a means to explain the high levels of paranormal belief among the population. According to this view, the world appears to some to be unpredictable, uncontrollable and inherently meaningless, which gives rise to anxiety. Paranormal beliefs may develop to allay this anxiety by offering the promise of order and personal power. Although there is some evidence to support the putative association between the three variables of perceived helplessness, anxiety and paranormal belief, these have not previously been considered together in the same population. Sixty-five participants completed a battery of measures including the State-Trait Anxiety Index (Spielberger, 1983), the revised Paranormal Belief Scale (Tobacyk, 2004) as well as newly constructed Estimated Likelihood of Stressful Events and Perceived Control over Stressful Events scales. No relationship was found between perceived control over future life events and paranormal belief, but measures of state and trait anxiety correlated significantly with both perceived control and paranormal belief. Results of a path analysis suggested a model that was broadly in agreement with the psychodynamic functions hypothesis in describing a mediating role for anxiety.
Psychokinesis Analysed Through Morphic Resonance
by Jean-Pierre Courtial and René Peoc’h
Many experiments have demonstrated the influence of an animal or human being on a random process through multiple — particularly visual — interfaces. Research into the relationship between a chick and a Random Number Generator (RNG) controlled robot (called a tychoscope) is re-examined in such a way as to show that, rather than a unidirectional influence, this relationship suggests a process of morphic resonance between neuronal structures, displacement structures of the tychoscope, and the structure of the initially random electronic movements of the RNG. A quantum decoherence law is suggested through a mathematical model checked with real data.
Psi and Synchronicity: A Controlled Comparison
By John Palmer