Research Articles Database

This is a list of articles on psi-related topics published in non-parapsychology science journals since 1970. It has been compiled by Professor Donald West and published here in January 2017.

The research information has now been sent to the Parapsychological Association's publication Mindfield, where a similar list is regularly published. If members are interested to see further updates on articles of research, please contact the PA or visit the SPR Library at Vernon Mews, where Mindfield is held. 

Chris Phillips has kindly corrected a number of errors and has included the list in Psi Data [EXTERNAL LINK].


Sheldrake, R., Lawlor, C., & Turney, J. (1998) Perceptive Pets: A Survey in London. Rivista di Biologia/Biology Forum, 91, 57-74.

Sheldrake, R., & Smart; P. (2000) Testing a Return-Anticipating Dog, Kane. Anthrozoös, 13(4), 203-212.

Wiseman, R., Smith, M., & Milton, J. (1998) Can animals detect when their owners are returning home? An experimental test of the 'psychic pet' phenomenon. British Journal of Psychology, 89(3), 453-462.

Anomalous Experiences

Brett, C. M. C., Peters, E. P.,Johns, L. C., Tabraham, P., Valmaggia, L. R., & McGuire, P. K. (2007) Appraisals of Anomalous Experiences Interview (AANEX): A multidimensional measure of psychological responses to anomalies associated with psychosis. British Journal of Psychiatry, 191, 23-30.


Davis, P. W., & Boles, J. (2003) Pilgrim Apparition Work: Symbolization and Crowd Interaction when the Virgin Mary Appeared in Georgia. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 32(4), 371-402.

Greyson, B. (2010) Seeing Dead People Not Known to Have Died: "Peak in Darien" Experiences. Anthropology & Humanism, 35(2), 159-171.

Haraldsson, E. (1989) Survey of Claimed Encounters with the Dead. Omega: Journal of Death & Dying, 19(2), 103-113.

Siegel, R. K., & Hirschman, A. E. (1983) Bozzano and the First Classification of Deathbed Visions: A Historical Note and Translation. Anabiosis: Journal for Near-Death Studies, 3(2), 195-201.


Jeffers, S. (2003) Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 135-152.


Alvarado, C. S., & Zingrone, N. L. (2007) Interrelationships of Parapsychological Experiences, Dream Recall, and Lucid Dreams in a Survey with Predominantly Spanish Participants. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 27(1), 63-69.

Child, I. L. (1985) Psychology and anomalous observations: the question of ESP in dreams. American Psychologist, 40(11), 1219-1230.

Dwyer, R., Van de Castle, R. L., & Pimm, B. A. (2010) Dreams As a Multidimensional Expression of PSI. Explore, 6(4), 263-268.

Krippner, S., & Fracasso, C. (2011) Dreams, Telepathy, and Various States of Consciousness. NeuroQuantology, 9(1), 1-4.

Sherwood, S. K., & Roe, C. A. (2003) A Review of Dream ESP Studies Conducted Since the Maimonides Dream ESP Programme. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 85-109.

ESP (Experimental ESP & PK)

Achterberg, J., Cooke, K., Richards, T., Standish, L. J., Kozak, L., & Lake, J. (2005) Evidence for Correlations Between Distant Intentionality and Brain Function in Recipients: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(6), 965-971.

Anderson, M. L., & McConnell, R. A. (1961) Fantasy testing for ESP in a fourth and fifth grade class. Journal of Psychology, 52, 491-503.

Belvedere, E., & Foulkes, D. (1971) Telepathy and Dreams: A Failure to Replicate. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 33(3), 783-789.

Bem, D. J. (2011) Feeling the Future: Experimental Evidence for Anomalous Retroactive Influences on Cognition and Affect. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 100(3), 407-425.

Bem, D. J. (1994) "Anomaly or artifact? Comments on Bem and Honorton": Response to Hyman. Psychological Bulletin, 115(1), 25-27.

Bem, D. J., & Honorton, C. (1994) Does Psi Exist? Replicable Evidence for an Anomalous Process of Information Transfer. Psychological Bulletin, 115(1), 4-18.

Bem, D. J., Utts, J., & Johnson, W. O. (2011) Must Psychologists Change the Way They Analyze Their Data? Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 101(4), 716-719.

Bierman, D. J., & Radin, D. I. (1997) Anomalous anticipatory response on randomized future conditions. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 84, 689-90.

Bierman, D. J., & Scholte, H. S. (2002) A fMRI Brain Imaging Study of Presentiment. Journal of International Society of Life Information Science, 20(2), 380-388.

Bösch, H., Steinkamp, F., & Boller, E. (2006) Examining Psychokinesis: The Interaction of Human Intention with Random Number Generators. A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 132(4), 497-523.

Bösch, H., Steinkamp, F., & Boller, E. (2006) In the eye of the beholder: Reply to Wilson and Shadish (2006) and Radin, Nelson, Dobyns, and Houtkooper (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132(4), 533-537.

Burt, C. (1959) Experiments on telepathy in children. British Journal of Statistical Psychology, 12(1), 55-99.

Child, I. L. (1985) Psychology and Anomalous Observations: The Question of ESP in Dreams. American Psychologist, 40(11), 1219-1230.

Dossey, L. (2007) PEAR Lab and Nonlocal Mind: Why They Matter. Explore, 3(3), 191-196.

Dossey, L. (2011) Why Are Scientists Afraid of Daryl Bem?. Explore, 7(3), 127-137.

Foulkes, D., Belvedere, E., Masters, R. E. L., Houston, J., Krippner, S., Honorton, C., & Ullman, M (1972) Long-Distance, "Sensory-Bombardment" ESP in Dreams: A Failure to Replicate. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 35(3), 731-734.

Galak, J., LeBoeuf, R. A., Nelson, L. D., & Simmons, J. P. (2012) Correcting the Past: Failures to Replicate Psi. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 103(6), 933-948.

Gearhart, L., & Persinger, M. A. (1986) Geophysical Variables and Behavior. XXXIII. Onsets of Historical and Contemporary Poltergeist Episodes Occurred with Sudden Increases in Geomagnetic Activity. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 62, 463-466.

Houtkooper, J. M., Schienle, A., Stark, R., & Vaitl, D. (2001) Atmospheric Electromagnetism: Attempted Replication of the Correlation between Natural Sferics and ESP. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 93(3), 754-756.

Hu, H., & Wu, M. (2013) Groundbreaking New Results in Consciousness, Quantum Brain and Nonlocality Research. Journal of Consciousness Exploration & Research, 4(1), 69-74.

Hyman, R. (1994) Anomaly or Artifact? Comments on Bem and Honorton. Psychological Bulletin, 115(1), 19-24.

Hyman, R. (2010) Meta-Analysis That Conceals More Than It Reveals: Comment on Storm et al. (2010). Psychological Bulletin, 136(4), 486-490.

Jensen, C. G., & Parker, A. (2012) Entangled in the Womb? A Pilot Study on the Possible Physiological Connectedness Between Identical Twins with Different Embryonic Backgrounds. Explore, 8(6), 339-347.

Krippner, S., & Ullman, M. (1970) Telepathy and Dreams: A Controlled Experiment with Electroencephalogram-Electro-Oculogram Monitoring. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 151(6), 394-403.

Luke, D. (2005) Paranormal Phenomena and Psychoactive Drugs: Fifty Years of Research. Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies Bulletin, 15(3), 15-16.

Maier, M. A., Büchner, V. L., Kuhbandner, C., Pflitsch, M., Fernández-Capo, M., & Gámiz-Sanfeliu, M. (2014) Feeling the Future Again: Retroactive Avoidance of Negative Stimuli. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 21(9-10), 121-152.

May, E. C., & Vilenskaya, L. (1992) Overview of Current Parapsychology Research in the Former Soviet Union. Subtle Energies, 3(3), 45-67.

May, E. C., Paulinyi, T., & Vassy, Z. (2005) Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: Experimental results and speculation about a mechanism. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(4), 695-702.

McConnell, R. A. (1961) The Discontinuity in Schmeidler's ESP-Rorschach Data. Journal of Psychology, 52, 87-97.

McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., & Bradley, R. T. (2004) Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 1. The Surprising Role of the Heart. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(1), 133-143.

McCraty, R., Atkinson, M., & Bradley, R. T. (2004) Electrophysiological Evidence of Intuition: Part 2. A System-Wide Process? Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(2), 325-336.

Milton, J., & Wiseman, R. (1999) Does Psi Exist? Lack of Replication of an Anomalous Process of Information Transfer. Psychological Bulletin, 125(4), 387-391.

Milton, J., & Wiseman, R. (2001) Does Psi Exist? Reply to Storm and Ertel (2001). Psychological Bulletin, 127(3), 434-438.

Moser, E. I., & Moser, M. B. (2011) Seeing into the Future. Nature, 469, 303-304.

Mossbridge, J.A., Tressoldi, J., Utts, H., Ivers, J.A., Radin, D., & Jonas, W.B. (2014) Predicting the unpredictable: critical analysis and practical implications of predictive anticipatory activity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8, Article 146.

Mossbridge, J., Tressoldi, P. E., & Utts, J.  (2012) Predictive physiological anticipation preceding seemingly unpredictable stimuli: A meta-analysis. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, Article390.

Nelson, R., & Bancel, P. (2011) Effects of Mass Consciousness: Changes in Random Data during Global Events. Explore, 7(6), 373-383.

Nelson, R. D., Radin D. I., Shoup, R., & Bancel, P. (2002) Correlations of Continuous Random Data with Major World Events. Foundations of Physics Letters, 15, 537-550.

Palmer, J. (2003) ESP in the Ganzfeld: Analysis of a Debate. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 51-68.

Parker, A. (2003) We Ask, Does Psi Exist? But is this the right question and do we really want an answer anyway? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(67), 111-134.

Parker, A., & Jensen, C. (2013) Further Possible Physiological Connectedness Between Identical Twins: The London Study. Explore, 9(1), 26-31.

Pashler, H., & Harris, C. R. (2012) Is the Replicability Crisis Overblown? Three Arguments Examined. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7(6), 531-536.

Persinger, M.A. et al. (2010) Correlated cerebral events between physically and sensory isolated pairs of subjects exposed to yoked circumcerebral magnetic fields. Neuroscience Letters, 486(3), 231-234.

Persinger, M. A., Roll, W. G., Tiller, S. G., Koren, S. A., & Cook, C. M. (2002) Remote Viewing with the Artist Ingo Swann: Neuropsychological Profile, Electroencephalographic Correlates, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Possible Mechanisms. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 94, 927-949.

Pratt, J. G., Stevenson, I., Roll, W. G., Blom, J. G., Meinsma, G. L., Keil, H. H. J., & Jacobson, N. (1968) Identification of Concealed Randomized Objects through Acquired Response Habits of Stimulus and Word Association. Nature, 220, 89-91.

Radin, D. (2007) Finding or Imagining Flawed Research? Humanist Psychologist, 35(3), 297-299.

Radin, D. (2008) Testing Nonlocal Observation as a Source of Intuitive Knowledge. Explore, 4(1), 25-35.

Radin, D. (2005) The Sense of Being Stared At: A Preliminary Meta-Analysis. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 95-100.

Radin, D. I. (2004) Event-Related Electroencephalographic Correlations Between Isolated Human Subjects. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(2), 315-323.

Radin, D. I., & Nelson, R. D. (1989) Evidence for Consciousness-Related Anomalies in Random Physical Systems. Foundations of Physics, 19(12), 1499-1514.

Radin, D., Nelson, R., Dobyns, Y., & Houtkooper, J (2006) Reexamining Psychokinesis: Comment on Bösch, Steinkamp, and Boller (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132(4), 529-532.

Radin, D. I., Vieten, C., Michel, L., & Delorme, A. (2011) Electrocortical Activity Prior to Unpredictable Stimuli in Meditators and Nonmeditators. Explore, 7(5), 286-299.

Rao, K. R., & Palmer, J.  (1987) The anomaly called psi: Recent research and criticism. Behavioral & Brain Sciences, 10(4), 539-551.

Ritchie, S. J., Wiseman, R., & French, C. C. (2012) Replication, replication, replication. Psychologist, 25(5), 346-348.

Robbins, K., & Roe, C. A.  (2010) An Empirical Test of the Theory of Morphic Resonance by Using Recognition for Chinese Symbols. Explore, 6(4), 256-262.

Ross, C. A., & Joshi, S. (1992) Paranormal Experiences in the General Population. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease180(6), 357-361.

Rouder, J. N., Morey, R. D., & Province, J. M. (2013) A Bayes Factor Meta-Analysis of Recent Extrasensory Perception Experiments: Comments on Storm, Tressoldi, and Di Risio (2010). Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 241-247.

Schlitz, M., Wiseman, R., Watt, C., & Radin, D. (2006) Of two minds: Sceptic-proponent collaboration within parapsychology. British Journal of Psychology, 97(3), 313-322.

Schmidt, S., Schneider, R., Utts, J., & Walach, H. (2004) Distant intentionality and the feeling of being stared at: Two meta-analyses. British Journal of Psychology, 95, 235-247.

Schmidt, S. (2012) Can We Help Just by Good Intentions? A Meta-Analysis of Experiments on Distant Intention Effects. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 18(6), 529-533.

Schmidt, S., Erath, D., Ivanova, V., & Walach, H.(2009) Do You Know Who is Calling? Experiments on Anomalous Cognition in Phone Call Receivers. Open Psychology Journal, 2, 12-18.

Sheldrake, R. (2005) The Sense of Being Stared At. Part 1: Is it Real or Illusory?. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 10-31.

Sheldrake, R. (1998) Perceptive pets with puzzling powers: Three surveys. International Society for Anthrozoology Newsletter, 15, 2-5.

Sheldrake, R. (1999) The "Sense of Being Stared At" Confirmed by Simple Experiments. Rivista di Biologia/Biology Forum, 92, 53-76.

Sheldrake, R. (2000) The "Sense of Being Stared At" Does Not Depend On Known Sensory Clues. Revista di Biologica/Biology Forum, 93, 237-252.

Sheldrake, R. (2005) The Non-Visual Detection of Staring: Response to Commentators. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 117-126.

Sheldrake, R., & Beharee, A. (2009) A Rapid Online Telepathy Test. Psychological Reports, 104, 957-970.

Sheldrake, R., Lawdor, C, & Turney, J. (1998) Perceptive Pets: A Survey in London. Rivista di Biologia/Biology Forum, 91, 57-74.

Sheldrake, R., & Smart, P. (2000) Testing a Return-Anticipating Dog, Kane. Anthrozoös, 13(4), 203-212.

Sheldrake, R., & Smart, P. (2005) Testing for Telepathy in Connection with E-mails. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 101(3), 771-786.

Sheldrake, R., Avraamides, L., Novak, M. (2009) Sensing the sending of SMS messages: an automated test. Explore, 5(5), 272-276.

Sherwood, S. J., Dalton, K., Steinkamp, F., & Watt, C. (2000) Dream Clairvoyance Study II Using Dynamic Video-Clips: Investigation of Consensus Voting Judging Procedures and Target Emotionality. Dreaming, 10(4), 221-236.

Sherwood, S., & Roe, C. A. (2003) A Review of Dream ESP Studies Conducted Since the Maimonides Dream ESP Programme. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 85-109.

Smith, M. D. (2003) The Role of the Experimenter in Parapsychological Research. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 69-84.

Standish, L. J., Kozak, L., Johnson, L. C., & Richards, T. (2004) Electroencephalographic Evidence of Correlated Event-Related Signals Between the Brains of Spatially and Sensory Isolated Human Subjects. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(2), 307-314.

Stapp, H. P. (1994) Theoretical Model of a Purported Empirical Violation of the Predictions of Quantum Theory. Physical Review, 50(1), 18-22.

Storm, L., Tressoldi, P. E., & Di Risio, L. (2010) Meta-Analysis of Free-Response Studies, 1992-2008: Assessing the Noise Reduction Model in Parapsychology. Psychological Bulletin, 136(4), 471-485.

Storm, L., Tressoldi, P. E., & Di Risio, L. (2010) A Meta-Analysis With Nothing to Hide: Reply to Hyman (2010). Psychological Bulletin, 136(4), 491-494.

Storm, L., Tressoldi, P. E., & Utts, J. (2013) Testing the Storm et al. (2010) Meta-Analysis Using Bayesian and Frequentist Approaches: Reply to Rouder et al. (2013). Psychological Bulletin, 139(1), 248-254.

Storm, L., & Ertel, S. (2001) Does Psi Exist? Comments on Milton and Wiseman's (1999) Meta-Analysis of Ganzfeld Research. Psychological Bulletin, 127(3), 424-433.

Tomasello, M., & Carpenter, M. (2007) Shared Intentionality. Development Science, 10(1), 121-125.

Tressoldi, P. E., Massaccesi, S., Martinelli, M., & Cappato, S. (2011) Mental Connection at Distance: Useful for Solving Difficult Tasks? Psychology, 2(8), 853-858.

Utts, J. (1991) Replication and Meta-Analysis in Parapsychology. Statistical Science, 6(4), 363-378.

Wackermann, J., Seiter, C., Keibel, H., & Walach, H. (2003) Correlations between brain electrical activities of two spatially separated human subjects. Neuroscience Letters, 336(1), 60-64.

Wagenmakers, E. J., Wetzels, R., Borsboom, D., & Van Der Maas, H. L. (2011) Why Psychologists Must Change the Way They Analyze Their Data: The Case of Psi: Comment on Bem (2011). Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 100(3), 426-432.

Watt, C., & Kennedy, J. E. (2015) Lessons from the first two years of operating a study registry. Frontiers in Psychology, 6, Article 173.

Wilson, D. B., & Shadish, W. R. (2006) On Blowing Trumpets to the Tulips: To Prove or Not To Prove the Null Hypothesis - Comment on Bösch, Steinkamp, and Boller (2006). Psychological Bulletin, 132(4), 524-528.

Wiseman, R., & Greening, E. (2001) The Mind Machine. Proceedings of 44th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association, 44, 377-392.

Wiseman, R., Smith, M., & Milton, J. (1998) Can animals detect when their owners are returning home? An experimental test of the 'psychic pet' phenomenon. British Journal of Psychology, 89(3), 453-462.


Morris, R. (1985) What I shall do with the Koestler Chair. New Scientist, 1472, 59.


Barrett, T. R., & Etheridge, J. B. (1992) Verbal Hallucinations in Normals, I: People who hear 'voices'. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 6(5), 379-387.

Bentall, R. P. (1990) The Illusion of Reality: A Review and Integration of Psychological Research on Hallucinations. Psychological Bulletin, 107(1), 82-95.

Furuya, H., Ikezoe, K., Shigeto, H., Ohyagi, Y., Arahata, H., Araki, E. I., & Fujii, N. (2009) Sleep- and non-sleep-related hallucinations - relationship to ghost tales and their classifications. Dreaming, 19(4), 232-238.

Larøi, F., Marczewski, P., & Van der Linden, M. (2004) Further evidence of the multi-dimensionality of hallucinatory predisposition: factor structure of a modified version of the Launay-Slade Hallucinations Scale in a normal sample. European Psychiatry, 19(1), 15-20.

Ohayon, M. M. (2000) Prevalence of hallucinations and their pathological associations in the general population. Psychiatry Research Journal, 97(2-3), 153-164.

Pearson, D., Smalley, M., Ainsworth, C., Cook, M., Boyle, J., & Flury, S. (2008) Auditory Hallucinations in Adolescent and Adult Students: Implications for Continuums and Adult Pathology Following Child Abuse. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 196(8), 634-638.

Posey, T. B., & Losch, M. E. (1983) Auditory Hallucinations of Hearing Voices in 375 Normal Subjects. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 3(2), 99-113.

Preti, A., Bonventre, E., Ledda, V., Petretto, D. R., & Masala, C. (2007) Hallucinatory experiences, delusional thought proneness, and psychological distress in a nonclinical population. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 195(6), 484-491.

Rees, W. D. (1971) The hallucinations of widowhood. British Medical Journal, 4(5778), 37-41.

Richards, D. G. (1991) A study of the correlations between subjective psychic experiences and dissociative experiences. Dissociation, 4(2), 83-91.

Sommer, A. (2011) Professional Heresy: Edmund Gurney (1847-88) and the Study of Hallucinations and Hypnotism. Medical History, 55, 383-388.

Terhune, D. B., & Smith, M. D. (2006) The Induction of Anomalous Experiences in a Mirror-Gazing Facility: Suggestion, Cognitive Perceptual Personality Traits and Phenomenological State Effects. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 194(6), 415-421.

Wackermann, J., Pütz, P., & Allefeld, C. (2008) Ganzfeld-induced hallucinatory experience, its phenomenology and cerebral electrophysiology. Cortex, 44, 1364-1378.

Hauntings and Poltergeists

French, C. C. et al. (2009) The "Haunt" project: An attempt to build a "haunted" room by manipulating complex electromagnetic fields and infrasound. Cortex, 45(5), 619-629..

Granqvist, D. et al. (2005) Sensed presence and mystical experiences are predicted by suggestibility, not by the application of transcranial weak complex magnetic fields. Neuroscience Letters, 379(1), 1-6.

Lange, R., Houran, J, Harte, T. M., & Havens, R.A. (1996) Contextual mediation of perceptions in hauntings and poltergeist-like experiences. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 82(3), 755-762.

Persinger, M. A., Tiller, S. G., & Koren, S. A. (2000) Experimental simulation of a haunt experience and elicitation of paroxysmal electroencephalographic activity by transcerebral complex magnetic fields: induction of a synthetic "ghost"? Perceptual & Motor Skills, 90(2), 659-674.

Wiseman, R, Watt, C., Greening, E., & O'Keefe, C. (2003) An investigation into alleged 'hauntings'. British Journal of Psychology, 94, 195-211.


Astin, J. A. et al. (2000) The Efficacy of "Distant Healing": A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials. Annals of Internal Medicine, 132, 903-910.

Aviles, et al. (2001) Study of the Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer (STEP) in cardiac bypass patients: A pulticenter randomized trial of uncertainty and certainty of receiving intercessory prayer. American Heart Journal, 151(4), 934-942.

Benson, H. et al. (2006) Study of the therapeutic effects of intercessory prayer in cardiac bypass patients: a multicenter randomized trial. American Heart Journal, 151,343-942.

Braud, W.G. (1994) Empirical Explorations of Prayer, Distant Healing, and Remote Mental Influence. Journal of Religion & Psychical Research, 17(2), 62-73.

Braud, W.G., & Schiltz, M.J. (1997) Distant Intentionality and Healing: assessing the Evidence. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine, 3, 62-73.

Braud, W.G., Schlitz, M.J. (1991) Consciousness interactions with remote biological systems: anomalous intentionality effects. Subtle Energies, 2(1), 1-46.

Byrd, R.C. (1988) Positive Therapeutic Effects of Intercessory Prayer in a Coronary Care Unit Population. Southern Medical Journal, 81(7), 826-829.

Davidson, R.J. et al. (2003) Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 564-570.

Dossey, L. (2006) Prayer Experiments: Science or Folly? Observations on the Harvard Prayer Study. Network Review, 91, 22-23.

Dowling, J. (1984) Lourdes cures and their medical assessment. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 77, 634-638.

Gronowicz, G.A. et al. (2008) Therapeutic Touch Stimulates the Proliferation of Human Cells in Culture. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 14(3), 233-239.

Harris, W.S. et al. (1999) A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Effects of Remote, Intercessory Prayer on Outcomes in Patients Admitted to the Coronary Care Unit. Archives of Internal Medicine, 159, 2273-2278.

Harris, W.S. et al. (2000) A Randomized, Controlled Trial of the Effects of Remote, Intercessory Prayer on Outcomes in Patients Admitted to the Coronary Care Unit. Archives of Internal Medicine, 160, 1878.

Hodge, R. (2006) A Systematic Review of the Empirical Literature on Intercessory Prayer. Research on Social Work Practice, 17(2), 174-187.

Hojat, M., et al. (2011) Physicians' Empathy and Clinical Outcomes for Diabetic Patients. Academic Medicine, 86(3), 359-364.

Krucoff, M.W., et al. (2005) Music, imagery, touch, and prayer as adjuncts to interventional cardiac care: the Monitoring and Actualisation of Noetic Trainings (MANTRA) II randomised study. Lancet, 366(9481), 211-217.

Lazar, S.G. (2010) Knowing, influencing, and healing: paranormal phenomena and implications for psychoanalysis and psychotherapy. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 21(1), 113-131.

Leder, D. (2005) "Spooky actions at a distance": physics, psi, and distant healing. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 11(5), 923-930.

Leibovcici, L. (2001) Effects of remote, retroactive intercessory prayer on outcomes in patients with bloodstream infection: randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 323, 1450-1451.

Maters, K.S., & Spielmans, G.I. (2007) Prayer and Health: Review, Meta-Analysis, and Research Agenda. Journal of Behavioural Medicine, 30, 329-338.

Mosely, J.B. et al. (2002) A controlled trial of arthroscopic surgery for osteoarthritis of the knee. New England Journal of Medicine, 347(2), 81-88.

Oshansky, B., & Dossey, L. (2003) Retroactive prayer: A preposterous hypothesis?. British Medical Journal, 327, 1465-1468.

Radin, D. et al. (2008) Compassionate Intention As a Therapeutic Intervention by Partners of Cancer Patients: Effects of Distant Intention on the Patients' Autonomic Nervous System. Explore, 4(4), 235-243.

Radin, D. et al. (2004) Effects of Healing Intention on Cultured Cells and Truly Random Events. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 10(1), 103-112.

Radin, D., & Lobach, E. (2007) Towards Understanding the Placebo Effect: Investigating a Possible Retrocausal Factor. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine, 13(7), 733-739.

Rebman, J.M., Wezelman, R., Radin, D.I., Hapke, R.A., & Gaughan, K. (1996) Remote Influence of Human Physiology by a Ritual Healing Technique. Subtle Energies, 6(2), 111-134.

Roe, C.A., Sonnex, & C., Rosburgh, E. (2015) Two Meta-Analyses of Noncontact Healing Studies. Explore, 11(1), 11-23.

Schlitz, M., Hopf, H., Eskenazi, I., Vieten, C., & Radin, D. (2012) Distant Intentionality and Healing: Assessing the Evidence. Alternative Therapies, 3(6), 62-73.

Sicher, F., Targ, E., Moore, D., & Smith, H. (1998) A Randomized Double-Blind Study of the Effect of Distant Healing in a Population With Advanced AIDS: Report of a Small Scale Study. Western Journal of Medicine, 169(6), 356-363.

Standish, L., Johnson, C., Kozak, L., & Richards, T. (2003) Evidence of correlated functional magnetic resonance imaging signals between distant human brains. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine, 9(1), 122-125.

Mediums (Mental)

Beischel, J., & Schwartz, G. E. (2007). Anomalous information reception by research mediums demonstrated using a novel triple-blind protocol. Explore3(1), 23-27.

Braude, S. E. (2000). Dissociation and latent abilities: The strange case of Patience Worth. Journal of trauma & dissociation, 1(2), 13-48.

Bubandt, N. (2009). Interview with an ancestor: Spirits as informants and the politics of possession in North Maluku. Ethnography, 10(3), 291-316.

Cardoso, A. (2012). A two-year investigation of the allegedly anomalous electronic voices or EVP. NeuroQuantology, 10(3), 492-514.

Kelly, E.W., & Arcangel, D. (2011) An Investigation of Mediums Who Claim to Give Information About Deceased Persons. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 199(1), 11-17.

Krippner, S. (2002) Conflicting perspectives on shamans and shamanism: points and counterpoints. American Psychologist, 57(11), 962-978.

Moreira-Almeida, A., Neto, F. L., & Greyson, B. (2007). Dissociative and psychotic experiences in Brazilian spiritist mediums. Psychotherapy & Psychosomatics, 76(1), 57-58.

Moreira-Almeida, A., Neto, F. L., & Cardeña, E. (2008) Comparison of Brazilian Spiritist Mediumship and Dissociative Identity Disorder. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 196(5), 420-424.

Moreman, C.M. (2003) Is There Proof of a Life After Death? An Overview of the Evidence From Psychical Research. Journal of Religion & Culture, 15, 36-62

O'Brien Hill, G. (2008) "Above the breath of suspicion": Florence Marryat and the shadow of the fraudulent trance medium. Women's Writing, 15(3), 333-347.

O'Keefe, C., & Wiseman, R. (2005) Testing alleged mediumship: Methods and results. British Journal of Psychology, 96, 165-179

Richeport, M.M. (1992) The interface between multiple personality, spirit mediumship, and hypnosis. American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 34(3), 168-177

Rock, A.J., Bischel, J., Cott, C.C. (2009) Psi vs. survival: A qualitative investigation of mediums' phenomenology comparing psychic readings and ostensible communication with the deceased. Transpersonal Psychology Review, 13(2), 76-89.

Rock, A.J., & Storm, L. (2012) Shamanism, Imagery Cultivation, and Psi-Signal Detection: A Theoretical Model, Experimental Protocol, and Preliminary Data. International Journal of Transpersonal Studies, 31(2), 91-102

Turner, E. (2006) Advances in the Study of Spirit Experience: Drawing Together Many Threads. Anthropology of Consciousness, 17(2), 33-61.

Wales, K. (2009) Unnatural conversations in unnatural conversations: speech reporting in the discourse of spiritual mediumship. Language and Literature: Inernational Journal of Stylistics, 18(4), 347-356.

Wooffitt, R., & Gilbert, H. (2008) Discourse, rhetoric, and the accomplishment of mediumship in stage demonstrations. Mortality, 13(3), 222-240

Mediums (Physical)

Hunter, J. (2009) Issue of fraud and performance in mediumship. PSI: Journal of Investigative Psychical Research, 5, 17-25.

Lamont, P. (2004) Spiritualism and a Mid-Victorian Crisis of Evidence. Historical Journal, 47, 897-920.

Sommer, A. (2012) Psychical Research & the Origins of American Psychology: Hugo Munsterberg, William James & Eusapia Palladino. History of the Human Sciences, 25, 23-44.

Near-Death Experiences

Alvarado, C.S. (2011) Panoramic Memory, Affect, and Sensations of Detachment in the Dying: Discussions Published in France, 1889-1903. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 30(2), 65-82.

Alvarado, C.S. (2006) Neglected Near-Death Phenomena. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 24(3), 131-151.

Alvarado, C.S. (2010) Online Resources for the History of Out-of-Body Experiences and Death-Related Phenomena. Journal of Near-Death Experiences, 28(3), 143-162.

Alvarado, C. S., & Zingrone, N. L. (1998). Factors related to the depth of near-death experiences: Testing the “embellishment over time” hypothesis. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 17(4), 339-344.

Bailey, A.R. (1997) Patients' memories of events during general anaesthesia. Anaesthesia, 52, 460-476.

Belanti, J.M., Perera, M., & Jagadheesan, K. (2008) Phenomenology of Near-death Experiences: A Cross-cultural Perspective. Transcultural Psychiatry, 45(1), 121-133.

Bennett, G., & Bennett, K. (2000) The presence of the dead: an empirical study. Mortality, 5(2), 139-157.

Blackmore, S. J. (1996) Near-death experiences. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 89(2), 73-76.

Facco, E., & Agrillo, C. (2012) Near-death experiences between science and prejudice. Human Neuroscience, 6, Article 209.

Fenwick, P., Lovelace, H., & Brayne, S. (2016) End of life experiences and their implications for palliative care. International Journal of Environmental Studies, 64(3), 315-323.

French, C.C. (2001) Dying to know the truth: visions of a dying brain, or false memories?. Lancet, 358, 2010-2011.

French, C.C. (2005) Near-death experiences in cardiac arrest survivors. Progress in Brain Research, 150, 351-367.

Greyson, B. (2003) Incidence and correlates of near-death experiences in a cardiac care unit. General Hospital Psychiatry, 25(4), 269-276.

Greyson, B. (1981) Near-Death Experiences and Attempted Suicide. Suicide &Life:Threatening Behavior, 11(1), 10-16.

Greyson, B. (2010) Implications of Near-Death Experiences for a Postmaterialist Psychology. Psychology of Religion & Spirituality, 2(1), 37-45.

Greyson, B. (1998) The incidence of near-death experiences. Medicine & Psychiatry, 1, 92-99.

Kelly, E.W. (2001) Near-Death Experiences with Reports of Meeting Deceased People. Death Studies, 25(3), 229-249.

Lange, R., Greyson, B., & Houran, J. (2004) A Rasch scaling validation of a 'core' near-death experience. British Journal of Psychology, 95, 161-177.

Mobbs, D., & Watt, C. (2011) There is nothing paranormal about near-death experiences: how neuroscience can explain seeing bright lights, meeting the dead, or being convinced you are one of them. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 15(10), 447-449.

Nahm, M. et al. (2012) Terminal lucidity: A review and a case collection. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 55(1), 138-142.

Neumann, J. (1990) Near-Death Experiences in Judaic Literature. Journal of Psychology and Judaism, 14(4), 225-253.

Parnia, S., Waller, D.G., Yeates, R, & Fenwick, P. (2001) A qualitative and quantitative study of the incidence, features and aetiology, of near death experiences in cardiac arrest survivors. Resuscitation, 48(2), 149-156.

Radin D. (2014) Getting Comfortable With Near Death Experiences: Out of One's Mind or Beyond the Brain? The Challenge of Interpreting Near-Death Experiences. Missouri Medicine, 111(1), 24-25.

Ring, K., & Lawrence, M. (1993) Further Evidence for Veridical Perception During Near-Death Experiences. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 11(4), 223-229.

Roberts, G., & Owen, J. (1988) The near-death experience. British Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 607-617.

Sartori, P., Badham, P., & Fenwick. P. (2006) A Prospectively Studied Near-Death Experience with Corroborated Out-of-Body Perceptions and Unexplained Healing. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 25(2), 69-84

Van Lommel, P. et al. (2001) Near-death experience in survivors of cardiac arrest: a prospective study in the Netherlands. Lancet, 358, 2039-2045.

Wilde, D.J., & Murray, C.D. (2009) The Evolving self: Finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis.Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 12(3), 223-239.

Wilde, D., & Murray, C.D. (2010) Interpreting the Anomalous: Finding Meaning in Out-Of-Body and Near-Death Experiences. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(1), 57-72.


Aaen-Stockdale, C. (2012) Neuroscience for the soul. Psychologist, 25(7), 520-523.

Anzellotti, F., et al. (2011) Autoscopic phenomena: case report and review of literature. Behavioral & Brain Functions, 7(1), Article 2.

Blanke, O., et al. (2005) Linking out-of-body experience and self processing to mental own-body imagery at the temporoparietal junction. Journal of Neuroscience, 25(3), 550-557.

Blanke, O., & Arzy, S. (2005) The Out-of-Body Experience: Disturbed Self-Processing at the Temporo-Parietal Junction. Neuroscientist, 11(1), 16-24.

Blanke, O., Landis, T., Spinelli, L., & Seeck, M. (2004) Out-of-body experience and autoscopy of neurological origin. Brain, 127, 243-258.

Blanke, O., & Mohr, C. (2005) Out-of-body experience, heautoscopy, and autoscopic hallucination of neurological origin: Implications for neurocognitive mechanisms of corporeal awareness and self consciousness. Brain Research Reviews, 50, 184-199.

Booth, J. N., Koren, S. A., & Persinger, M. A. (2005) Increased feelings of the sensed presence and increased geomagnetic activity at the time of the experience during exposures to transcerebral weak complex magnetic fields. International Journal of Neuroscience, 115(7), 1053-1079.

Brugger, P., & Mohr, C. (2008) The paranormal mind: How the study of anomalous experiences and beliefs may inform cognitive neuroscience. Cortex, 44(10), 1291-1298.

Cook, C. M., & Persinger, M. A. (1997) Experimental induction of the "sensed presence" in normal subjects and an exceptional subject. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 85(2), 683-693.

De Ridder, D., Van Laere, K., Dupont, P., Menovsky, T., & Van de Heyning, P. (2007) Visualizing Out-of-Body Experience in the Brain. New England Journal of Medicine, 357, 1829-1833.

Delorme, A., Beischel, J., Michel, L., Boccuzzi, M., Radin, D., & Mills, P. (2013) Electrocortical activity associated with subjective communication with the deceased. New Frontiers in Psychology, 4, Article 834.

Faymonville, M. E., Boly, M., & Laureys, S. (2006) Functional neuroanatomy of the hypnotic state. Journal of Physiology - Paris, 99(4-6), 463-469.

Fleck, J. I., et al. (2008) The Transliminal Brain at Rest: Baseline EEG, Unusual Experiences and Access to Unconscious Mental Activity. Cortex, 44(10), 1353-1363.

Healey, F., & Persinger, M. A. (2001) Experimental Production of Illusory (False) Memories in Reconstructions of Narratives: Effect Size and Potential Mediation by Right Hemispheric Stimulation from Complex, Weak Magnetic Fields. International Journal of Neuroscience, 106(3-4), 195-207.

Langdon, R., & Coltheart, M. (2000). The Cognitive Neuropsychology of Delusions. Mind & Language, 15(1), 184-218.

Maquet, P., et al. (1999) Functional Neuroanatomy of Hypnotic State. Biological Psychiatry, 45(3), 327-333.

Moulton, S. T., & Kosslyn, S. M. (2008) Using Neuroimaging to Resolve the Psi Debate. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20(1), 182-192.

Persinger, M. A. (2001) The Neuropsychiatry of Paranormal Experiences. Journal of Neuropsychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience, 13(4), 515-524.

Persinger, M. A (2003) The Sensed Presence Within Experimental Settings: Implications for the Male and Female Concept of Self. Journal of Psychology, 137(1), 5-16.

Raz, A., Hines, T., Fossella, J., & Castro, D. (2008) Paranormal experience and the COMT dopaminergic gene: A preliminary attempt to associate phenotype with genotype using an underlying brain theory. Cortex, 44(10), 1336-1341.

Schulter, G., & Papousek, I. (2008) Believing in paranormal phenomena: Relations to asymmetry of body and brain. Cortex, 44(10), 1326-1335.

Pierre, L. S., & Persinger, M. A. (2006) Experimental Facilitation of the Sensed Presence is Predicted by the Specific Patterns of the Applied Magnetic Fields, Not by Suggestibility: Re-Analyses of 19 Experiments. International Journal of Neuroscience, 116(19), 1079-1096.

Out-of-Body Experiences

Alvarado, C. S. (2001) Features of out-of-body experiences in relation to perceived closeness to death. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 189(5), 331-332.

Braithwaite, J. J., Samson, D., Apperly, I., Broglia, E., & Hulleman, J. (2011) Cognitive correlates of the spontaneous out-of-body experience (OBE) in the psychologically normal population: evidence for an increased role of temporal-lobe instability, body-distortion processing, and impairments in own-body transformations. Cortex, 47(7), 839-853.

Braithwaite, J. J., & Dent, K. (2011) New perspectives on perspective-taking mechanisms and the out-of-body experience. Cortex, 47, 628-632.

Murray, C., & Fox, J. (2005) The Out-of-Body Experience and Body Image: Differences Between Experients and Non-Experients. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 193(1), 70-72.

Tart, C. T. (1998) Six Studies of Out-Of-Body Experiences. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 17(2), 73-99.

Terhune, D. B. (2009) The incidence and determinants of visual phenomenology during out-of-body experiences. Cortex, 45, 236-242.

Twemlow, S. W., Gabbard, G. O., & Jones, F. C. (1982) The Out-of-Body Experience: A Phenomenological Typology Based on Questionnaire Responses. American Journal of Psychiatry, 139(4), 450-455.

Zingrone, N. L., Alvarado, C. S., & Cardena, E. (2010) Out-of-Body Experiences and Physical Body Activity and Posture: Responses From a Survey Conducted in Scotland. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 198(2), 163-165.

Paranormal Belief

Aarnio, K., & Lindeman, M. (2005) Paranormal beliefs, education, and thinking styles. Personality & Individual Differences, 39, 1227-1236.

Bering, J. M. (2006) The Cognitive Psychology of Belief in the Supernatural. American Scientist, 94(2), 142-149.

Blackmore, S. J. (1997) Probability Misjudgement and Belief in the Paranormal: A Newspaper Survey. British Journal of Psychology, 88, 683-689.

Blagrove, M., French, C. C., & Jones, G. (2006) Probabilistic Reasoning, Affirmative Bias and Belief in Precognitive Dreams. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20(1), 65-83.

Brugger, P., Gamma, A., Muri, R., Schafer, M., & Taylor, K. I. (1993) Functional hemispheric asymmetry and belief in ESP: towards a "neuropsychology of belief". Perceptual & Motor Skills, 77(3), 299-308.

Brugger, P., & Regard, M. (1991) Belief in Extrasensory Perception and Illusory Control: A Replication. Journal of Psychology, 125(4), 501-502.

Brugger, P., & Taylor, K. I. (2003) ESP: Extrasensory Perception or Effect of Subjective Probability?.Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 221-246.

Burris, C. T., & Bailey, K. (2009) What Lies Beyond: Theory and Measurement of Afterdeath Beliefs. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 19(3), 173-186.

Cooper, C. E. (2010) When Researchers Become Eyewitnesses to the Anomalous: Should Seeing be Believing? Paranthropology: Journal of Anthropological Approaches to the Paranormal, 1(2), 17-20.

Crawley, S. E., French, C. C., & Yesson, S. A. (2002) Evidence for transliminality from a subliminal card-guessing task. Perception, 31(7), 887-892.

Dagnall, N., Parker, A., & Munley, G. (2007) Paranormal belief and reasoning. Personality & Individual Differences, 43, 1406-1415.

Donovan, J. M. (1998) Reinterpreting telepathy as unusual experiences of empathy and charisma. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 87(1), 131-146.

Flannelly, K. J., Koenig, H. G., Ellison, C. G., Galek, K., & Krause, N. (2006) Belief in Life After Death and Mental Health: Findings from a National Survey. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 194(7), 524-529.

French, C. (2003) Fantastic Memories: The Relevance of Research into Eyewitness Testimony and False Memories for Reports of Anomalous Experiences. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 153-174.

Genovese, J. E. (2005) Paranormal beliefs, schizotypy, and thinking styles among teachers and future teachers. Personality & Individual Differences, 39, 93-102.

Gianotti, L. R., Mohr, C., Pizzagalli, D., Lehmann, D., & Brugger, P. (2001) Associative processing and paranormal belief. Psychiatry & Cognitive Neurosciences, 55, 595-603.

Glicksohn, J. (1990) Belief in the paranormal and subjective paranormal experience. Personality & Individual Differences, 11(7), 675-683.

Goulding, A. (2005) Healthy schizotypy in a population of paranormal believers and experients. Personality & Individual Differences, 38(5), 1069-1083.

Goulding, A. (2004) Schizotypy models in relation to subjective health and paranormal beliefs and experiences. Personality & Individual Differences, 37(1), 157-167.

Gow, K., Hutchinson, L., & Chant, D. (2009) Correlations Between Fantasy Proneness, Dissociation, Personality Factors and Paranormal Beliefs in Experiencers of Paranormal and Anomalous Phenomena. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37(2), 169-191.

Gow, K., Lang, T., & Chant, D. (2004) Fantasy Proneness, Paranormal Beliefs and Personality Features in Out-of-Body Experiences. Contemporary Hypnosis, 21(3), 107-125.

Greyson, B. (1977) Telepathy in mental illness: deluge or delusion? Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 165(3), 184-200.

Hergovich, A., Schott, R., & Arendasy, M. (2008) On the relationship between paranormal belief and schizotypy among adolescents. Personality & Individual Differences, 45, 119-125.

Hood, B. M., Lindeman, M., & Riekki, T. (2011) Is Weaker Inhibition Associated with Supernatural Beliefs? Journal of Cognition & Culture, 11(1-2), 231-239.

Houran, J., & Lange, R. (1998) Modelling precognitive dreams as meaningful coincidences. Psychological Reports, 83(3), 1411-1414.

Houran, J., & Lange, R. (2004) Redefining Delusion Based on Studies of Subjective Paranormal Ideation. Psychological Reports, 94(2), 501-513.

Houran, J., & Williams, C. (2008) Relation of Tolerance of Ambiguity to Global and Specific Paranormal Experience. Psychological Reports, 83(3), 807-818.

Irwin, H. J. (1994) Childhood Trauma and the Origins of Paranormal Belief: A Constructive Replication. Psychological Reports, 74(1), 107-111.

Irwin, H. J. (1990) Fantasy Proneness and Paranormal Beliefs. Psychological Reports, 66(2), 655-658.

King, L. A., Burton, C. M., Hicks, J. A., & Drigotas, S. M. (2007) Ghosts, UFOs and Magic: Positive Affect and the Experiential System. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 92(5), 905-919.

Lamont, P., Coelho, C., & Mckinlay, A. (2009) Explaining the unexplained: warranting disbelief in the paranormal. Discourse Studies, 11(5), 543-559.

Lange, R., & Houran, J. (1998) Delusions of the paranormal: A haunting question of perception. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 186(10), 637-645.

Lange, R., & Houran, J. (1999) The role of fear in delusions of the paranormal. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 187(3), 159-166.

Lawrence, E., & Peters, E. (2004) Reasoning in Believers in the Paranormal. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 192, 727-733.

Layton, B. D., & Turnbull, B. (1975) Belief, evaluation, and performance on an ESP task. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 11(2), 166-179.

Lindeman, M., & Aarnio, K. (2006) Paranormal Beliefs: Their Dimensionality and Correlates. European Journal of Personality, 20(7), 585-602.

Lindeman, M., & Svedholm, A. M. (2012) What's in a Term? Paranormal, Superstitious, Magical and Supernatural Beliefs by Any Other Name Would Mean the Same. Review of General Psychology, 16(3), 241-255.

Lindeman, M., Svedholm, A. M., Riekki, T., Raij, T., & Hari, R. (2013) Is it just a brick wall or a sign from the universe? An fMRI study of supernatural believers and skeptics. Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience, 8(8), 943-949.

Manza, L., Hilperts, K., Hindley, L., Marco, C., Santana, A., & Hawk, M. V. (2010) Exposure to Science is Not Enough: The Influence of Classroom Experiences on Belief in Paranormal Phenomena. Teaching of Psychology, 37(3), 165-171.

Mathijsen, F. (2009) Empirical Research and Paranormal Beliefs: Going Beyond the Epistemological Debate in Favour of the Individual. Archive for the Psychology of Religion, 31, 319-333.

Murray, C., & Fox, J. (2005) The Out-Of-Body Experience and Body Image: Differences Between Experients and Non-Experients. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 193(1), 70-72.

Musch, J., & Ehrenberg, K. (2002) Probability misjudgment, cognitive ability, and belief in the paranormal. British Journal of Psychology, 93(2), 169-177.

Pear, T. H. (1960) The accuracy of 'reproduced' conversation. British Journal of Psychology, 51, 289-295.

Perkins, S. L., & Allen, R. (2006) Childhood Physical Abuse and Differential Development of Paranormal Belief Systems. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 194(5), 349-355.

Rabeyron, T., & Watt, C. (2010) Paranormal experiences, mental health and mental boundaries, and psi. Personality & Individual Differences, 48(4), 487-492.

Rattet, S. L., & Bursik, K. (2001) Investigating the personality correlates of paranormal belief and precognitive experience. Personality & Individual Differences, 31(3), 433-444.

Roe, C. A. (1999) Critical thinking and belief in the paranormal: a re-evaluation. British Journal of Psychology, 90(1), 85-98.

Roe, C. A., & Morgan, C. L. (2002) Narcissism and Belief in the Paranormal. Psychological Reports, 90, 405-411.

Rogers, P., Davis, T., & Fisk, J. (2009) Paranormal belief and susceptibility to the conjunction fallacy. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(4), 524-542.

Rogers, P., Qualter, P., Phelps, G., & Gardner, K. (2006) Belief in the paranormal, coping and emotional intelligence. Personality & Individual Differences, 41, 1089-1105.

Rudski, J. (2004) The Illusion of Control, Superstitious Belief, And Optimism. Current Psychology, 22(44), 306-315.

Schofield, K., & Claridge, G. (2007) Paranormal experiences and mental health: Schizotypy as an underlying factor. Personality & Individual Differences, 43(7), 1908-1916.

Schumaker, J. F. (1987) Mental health, belief deficit compensation, and paranormal beliefs. Journal of Psychology, 121(5), 451-457.

Sharps, M. J., Newborg, E., Van Arsdall, S., DeRuiter, J., Hayward, B., & Alcantar, B. (2010) Paranormal Encounters as Eyewitness Phenomena: Psychological Determinants of Atypical Perceptual Interpretations. Current Psychology, 29, 320-327.

Simmonds-Moore, C. (2009) Sleep Patterns, Personality, and Subjective Anomalous Experiences. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 29(1), 71-86.

Smith, C. L., Johnson, J. L., & Hathaway, W. (2009) Personality Contributions to Belief in Paranormal Phenomena. Individual Differences Research, 7(2), 85-96.

Svedholm, A. M., & Lindeman, M. (2013) The separate roles of the reflective mind and involuntary inhibitory control in gatekeeping paranormal beliefs and the underlying intuitive confusions. British Journal of Psychology, 104, 303-319.

Thalbourne, M. A., & Haraldsson, E. (1980) Personality characteristics of sheep and goats. Personality & Individual Differences, 1(2), 180-185.

Tobacyk, J. J., & Wilkinson, L. V. (1990) Magical Thinking and Paranormal Beliefs. Journal of Social Behavior & Personality, 5(4), 255-264.

Van Elk, M. (2013) Paranormal believers are more prone to illusory agency detection than skeptics. Consciousness & Cognition, 22(3), 1041-1046.

Watt, C., Ashley, N., Gillett, J., Halewood, M., & Hanson, R. (2014) Psychological factors in precognitive dream experiences: The role of paranormal belief, selective recall and propensity to find correspondences. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(1), 1-8.

Watt, C., Watson, S., & Wilson, L. (2007) Cognitive and psychological mediators of anxiety: Evidence from a study of paranormal belief and perceived childhood control. Personality & Individual Differences, 42(2), 335-343.

Williams, L. M., & Irwin, H. J. (1991) A study of paranormal belief, magical ideation as an index of schizotypy and cognitive style. Personality & Individual Differences, 12(12), 1339-1348.

Wilson, K., & French, C. C. (2008) Misinformation Effects for Psychic Readings and Belief in the Paranormal. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 28(2), 155-171.

Wilson, K., & French, C. C. (2006) The relationship between susceptibility to false memories, dissociativity, and paranormal belief and experience. Personality & Individual Differences, 41(8), 1493-1502.

Wiseman, R., & Greening, E. (2005) 'It's still bending': Verbal suggestion and allegedpsychokinetic ability. British Journal of Psychology, 96, 115-127.

Wiseman, R., Greening, E., & Smith, M. (2003) Belief in the Paranormal and Suggestion in the Seance Room. British Journal of Psychology, 94(3), 285-297.

Wiseman, R., & Morris, R. L. (1995) Recalling pseudo-psychic demonstrations. British Journal of Psychology, 86(1), 113-125.

Wiseman, R., & Watt, C. (2006) Belief in psychic ability and the misattribution hypothesis: A qualitative review. British Journal of Psychology, 97, 323-338.

Wooffitt, R. (2001) A socially organized basis for displays of cognition: procedural orientation to evidential turns in psychic-sitter interaction. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40(4), 545-563.

Wooffitt, R., & Allistone, S. (2005) Towards a Discursive Parapsychology: Language and the Laboratory Study of Anomalous Communication. Theory & Psychology, 15(3), 325-355.


Girden, E. (1962) Review of psychokinesis (PK). Psychological Bulletin, 59, pp. 353-388.

Pallikari, F. (2003) Must the 'Magic' of Psychokinesis Hinder Precise Scientific Measurement? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 199-219.


Alprin, L., & Lester, D. (1995) Belief in Reincarnation and Locus of Control. Psychological Reports, 76(3), 1018.

Athappilly, G. K., Greyson, B., & Stevenson, I. (2006) Do Prevailing Societal Models Influence Reports of Near-Death Experiences? A Comparison of Accounts Reported Before and After 1975. Journal of Nervous &Mental Disease, 194(3), 218-222.

Edelmann, J., & Bernet, W. (2007) Setting Criteria for Ideal Reincarnation Research. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 14(12), 92-101.

Haraldsson, E. (1995) Personality and Abilities of Children Claiming Previous-Life Memories. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 183(7), 445-451.

Haraldsson, E., Fowler, P. C., & Periyannanpillai, V. (2000) Psychological Characteristics of Children Who Speak of a Previous Life: A Further Field Study in Sri Lanka. Transcultural Psychiatry, 37(4), 525-544.

McNally, R. J. (2012) Explaining "Memories" of Space Alien Abduction and Past Lives: An Experimental Psychopathology Approach. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 3(1), 2-16.

Meyersburg, C. A., Bogdan, R., Gallo, D. A., & McNally, R. J. (2009) False Memory Propensity in People Reporting Recovered Memories of Past Lives. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(2), 399-404.

Peters, M. J., Horselenberg, R., Jelicic, M., & Merckelbach, H. (2007) The false fame illusion in people with memories about a previous life. Consciousness & Cognition, 16, 162-169.

Schouten, S. A., & Stevenson, I. (1998) Does the Socio-Psychological Hypothesis Explain Cases of the Reincarnation Type? Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 186(8), 504-506.

Sharma, P., & Tucker, J. B. (2004) Cases of the Reincarnation Type with Memories from the Intermission Between Lives. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 23(2), 101-118.

Stevenson, I. (1994) A Case of the Psychotherapist's Fallacy: Hypnotic Regression to "Previous Lives". American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 36(3), 188-193.

Stevenson, I. (1977) The Explanatory Value of the Idea of Reincarnation. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 164(5), 305-326.

Stevenson, I., & Pasricha, S. (1979) A case of secondary personality with xenoglossy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136(12), 1591.

Spirit Communications

Cardoso, A. (2012). A two-year investigation of the allegedly anomalous electronic voices or EVP. NeuroQuantology, 10(3), 492-514.


Rousseau, D. (2011) Understanding Spiritual Awareness in Terms of Anomalous Information Access. Open Information Science Journal, 3, 40-53.

Spontaneous Psi

Bender, H. (1966) The Gotenhafen case of correspondence between dreams and future events: a study of motivation. International Journal of Neuropsychiatry, 2(5), 398-407.

Coleman, S. L., Beitman, B. D., & Celebi, E. (2009) Weird Coincidences Commonly Occur. Psychiatric Annals, 39(5), 265-270.

Griffiths, T. L., & Tenenbaum, J. B. (2007) From mere coincidences to meaningful discoveries. Cognition, 103, 180-226.

Luke, D. P., & Zychowicz, K. (2014) Working the graveyard shift at the witching hour: Further exploration of dreams, psi and circadian rhythms. International Journal of Dream Research, 7(2), 105-112.

Ross, C. A., & Joshi, S. (1992) Paranormal experiences in the general population. Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease, 180(6), 357-368.

von Lucadou, W. E. M. (2011) Complex Environmental Reactions as a New Concept to Describe Spontaneous "Paranormal" Experiences. Axiomathes, 21(2), 263-285.


Jeffers, S. (2003) Physics and Claims for Anomalous Effects Related to Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 135-152.

Noakes, R. (2008) The 'world of the infinitely little': connecting physical and psychical realities circa 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 39(3), 323-334.

Pallikari, F. (2003) Must the 'Magic' of Psychokinesis hinder Precise Scientific Measurement? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 10(6-7), 199-219.

Rietdijk, C. W. (2007) Four-Dimensional Physics, Nonlocal Coherence, and Paranormal Phenomena. Physics Essays, 20(2), 169-196.

Tressoldi, P. E., Storm, L., & Radin, D. (2010) Extrasensory Perception and Quantum Models of Cognition. NeuroQuantology, 8(4, supplement issue 1), S81-S87.

von Lucadou, W., Romer, H., & Walach, H. (2007) Synchronistic Phenomena as Entanglement Correlations in Generalized Quantum Theory. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 14(4), 50-74.